Now that we have seen the three fundamentals of front end development, let us look at a few other fundamental skills needed for a front end developer. HTML can also be used to add minimal styles to these elements like colors and fonts. However, it does not compare to CSS when it comes to flexibility.

front-end developer roadmap

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language is the foundation of every website, it tells the browser how to display a web page’s content. Here you need to learn the basics of HTML, but you might want to pay more attention to HTML forms as they will be fundamental in the future. Lastly, If you need help with your existing projects then you hire developers from us, please contact us for free consultation and quotations. The coding languages that are used to build a client-side source code consist of HTML, CSS, Sass, LeSS, JavaScript and TypeScript. Undoubtedly, front-end development is a creative side of web development. By now you would have checked the roadmap given above, so we will discuss the skills and technologies you should familiarize yourself with to become a front-end web developer.

Do I Need To Know All The Above Skills To Become A Front

Thus, you can learn about technologies like REST, SOAP, Asynchronous JavaScript and XML , Cross-Origin Resource Sharing , etc. that are required when the client interacts with the server. While HTML and CSS can be learned easily, JavaScript could be challenging, especially if you have no prior programming experience. You should get comfortable with other fundamental skills mentioned earlier – DOM Manipulation, Responsive Design, and working of the web. This is an older course that has some breaking changes since Angular has progressed, but you’ll still learn essential concepts in designing production-grade web apps with Angular. Tailwindcss – a utility-first CSS framework packed with classes like flex, pt-4, text-center and rotate-90 that can be composed to build any design, directly in your markup.

And having micro-frontend as a skill will also be beneficial for your career as a front-end developer. By learning the above skills, you are now a Front End Developer. Well, you might apply for jobs for the Front End Development role. The challenge is that Front End is a highly competitive field with a large number of applicants for comparatively fewer positions. To stand out from all other applicants, it is a good idea to build your portfolio.

We cannot imagine our life without the internet which is why companies are building more and more websites. Not only companies are looking for front end developers to build their websites, but also to enhance their existing websites. In 2021, there were more than 6000 job openings listed on Indeed for front-end developers. All the interactive web applications work by responding to “events”.

Please note that this roadmap is merely here to help you identify what you should learn next and understand the need for certain tools and frameworks. Version control is the practice of managing and tracking changes made in the source code of a web application. A version control system is a software tool that helps developers to communicate and manage changes done in code over time while providing information like who made what changes. A separate branch is created for each contributor who modifies the code but changes are not merged into the source code until it has been analyzed. A Version Control System is useful if you are working on a large project or need to collaborate with other developers. It is a software that allows you to manage and track changes to the source code and also revert to a previous version of the code, instead of manually reverting the changes.

front-end developer roadmap

After almost exactly a year of working through the program, I was offered a job as a front… Build dozens of portfolio-worthy projects along the way, from simple scripts to full programs and deployed websites. This is the website we wish we had when we were learning on our own.

The number of mentions indicates the total number of mentions that we’ve tracked plus the number of user suggested alternatives. With the answers to these questions, we begin our journey to become a front-end developer. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. Find centralized, trusted content and collaborate around the technologies you use most.

A front-end developer is a person who develops the user interface of the website and applications. In simple terms, front-end development refers to the lines of code that determine the operation and structure of the user interface. Once you are comfortable with the basics – HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, it is time to move on to the next step in the roadmap for frontend, that is learning any of the CSS Frameworks. These frameworks would speed up the development process for you. One challenge that front end developers face is to maintain styling consistency in their web pages. CSS Frameworks like Bootstrap, Materialize, Tailwind, Semantic UI, Bulma, etc. make it easier to develop a consistent website.

Html And Css

Note that front-end web development is not just limited to these three skills, there are many more technologies that you will need to learn to excel as a Front-End Developer in 2022. Not walking me through an entire project but actually forcing me to figure it out on my own, by pointing me… Learn and get help from our friendly community of beginner and experienced developers. Layout basically means the arrangement of predetermined items such as image, text and, style on a page. It establishes the overall appearance and relationships between the graphic elements to achieve a smooth flow of message and eye movement for maximum effectiveness or impact.

React Native – is a JavaScript framework for real writing, natively rendering mobile applications for iOS and Android. It’s based on React, Facebook’s JavaScript library for building user interfaces, but instead of targeting the browser, it targets mobile platforms. JavaScript is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. When it comes to JavaScript, you need to learn the basics first. Things like variables, data types, functions, arrays, objects, and more.

However, these frameworks offer enhanced functionality without writing the code from scratch. This is the reason why Front End Developers usually prefer using a framework over plain JavaScript. Angular, React, Vue.js, Meteor are some of the popular JavaScript frameworks for frontend development. You can also find specialized roles in React, Angular, or Vue.js. As a front end developer, you should have a basic idea of the working of the web and the different protocols for communication over the web. It is good to have the basic idea of how the internet works, how clients and servers interact, the Domain Name Server and the components of a website i.e code files and assets.

When it comes to package managers, the first thing that comes to my mind is NPM and Yarn. A front-end developer is a person who How to hire a Front End Developer develops the interface of an application. Everything you see on a website or application was done by a frontend developer.

front-end developer roadmap

With the variety of frameworks to choose from it can be difficult to opt for what’s ideal for your requirements. So here’s a list of CSS and JavaScript frameworks that you should consider adding to your skillset. Responsive Web Design means creating websites that can be used on all types and sizes of devices. This can be done using CSS Media Queries, where the style and layout of the web page change as per the device and screen size. Responsive Design automatically resizes, hides, shrinks or enlarges the components on a website. Now that we have built the layout of our website using HTML and styled it using CSS, the next step is to add “actions” to our websites.

Libraries And Frameworks

You can choose to skip certain skills if your job doesn’t require knowing them.

You will see that with the development of a larger project, it will be quite difficult to organize your CSS. In addition, if you want to do a new project, you will have to move CSS snippets from the old project to the new one. Before explaining what a CSS framework is and listing the 3 most popular frameworks, you need to familiarize yourself with the term “package manager”. Photo by Roadmap.shI have been a web developer for the past five years.

Congratulations, you’ve reached the end of the front-end development roadmap! You may easily create real-time website apps using the information presented here. Over the years, many frameworks have been developed, both for CSS and Javascript. This means, if you want to become a frontend developer you must know at least a CSS framework and/or a Javascript framework. A Front-End Developer is a type of Software Engineer who works on front-end development. They are not only responsible for developing the UI, but they also ensure a balance between design and functionality and ensure speed and scalability.

  • Before explaining what a CSS framework is and listing the 3 most popular frameworks, you need to familiarize yourself with the term “package manager”.
  • A separate branch is created for each contributor who modifies the code but changes are not merged into the source code until it has been analyzed.
  • These skills are the bare minimum to start with Front-End Development.
  • Well, you might apply for jobs for the Front End Development role.
  • PWAs take advantage of both native and web apps functionalities.

However, you might need to build dynamic web pages that can change the layout on the fly. For example, you might want to add, remove, or edit HTML elements after the web page has been loaded or you might want to modify the CSS styles of an element only when an event occurs. Such dynamic manipulation of your web page can be done using the Document Object Model API, which is a set of APIs to control HTML and styling information. DOM Manipulation is a good-to-have skill that will help you in creating applications capable of updating the data or the layout of the page without reloading. After learning the basics of programming languages, we need to learn how to position the elements on the web page. Once the elements are arranged on the page, the users of the site will understand the content and will go through it very easily.


Thus, we make use of CSS preprocessors that are scripting languages, extending the default capabilities of CSS. The extended CSS code is compiled and the output is the regular CSS file. With the help of CSS preprocessors, we can use logic in our script files like variables, functions, mixins, inheritance, nesting inheritance, and mathematical calculations.

front-end developer roadmap

“Login” page, “Contact us” page, buttons, fonts, forms; all of these falls under the front-end development term. A package manager is a tool that automates the process of installation, configuration, management and elimination of the product dependencies and software packages. You should know the basics of the package manager and one of its tools. Progressive Web Apps or PWAs are web apps that are built and improved using modern web browser APIs. PWAs take advantage of both native and web apps functionalities.

Git is one of the most popular and widely used version control systems. While working on Front End Development, you will come across Package Managers. A Package Manager is a tool that allows you to install, configure, update and manage software packages, product dependencies and also to publish your own packages. With the use of Package Managers, the development process is faster and easier as you can reuse code libraries created by other developers that are published to a central repository. You should learn the basic commands of any of the Package Managers. With HTML, you can create web pages with static layouts easily.


Collaborate with us as partners to relish stupendous customer support. The web keeps changing and with advancements in technologies comes new methods and tools. So, it is essential to keep yourself up-to-date with the latest trends and technologies, and never stop learning. Software testingis another important skill you need to become a Front End Developer. There are different levels of testing in front-end development like Unit Testing and End-to-End Testing. Several tools are available for testing like Jest, Mocha, Jasmine, Cypress, etc.

Css & Javascript Frameworks

This automates repetitive tasks and reduces the number of errors, and creates reusable code. The UI includes the visual part of the application and the user interactions. Whatever you see when you visit a website – the different types of buttons and other UI components, media, texts, forms, animations, etc. are all developed as a part of the front-end. LibHunt tracks mentions of software libraries on relevant social networks. Based on that data, you can find the most popular open-source packages, as well as similar and alternative projects. We have used some of these posts to build our list of alternatives and similar projects.

Javascript Basics For Beginners

It offers enhanced reliability, capabilities and integration to reach anyone, anywhere, on any device with just one codebase. So learning more about will help you in designing a more functional web app. Along with any JavaScript Framework, it is recommended to learn State Management Libraries like Redux, VueX, NgRX, XState, etc. depending on which framework you choose to learn. Certain state management libraries can only be used with specific frameworks – for example, NgRX is a Redux based library that is specifically made for Angular applications. Moreover, CSS doesn’t support some powerful programming features like variables and functions.

A portfolio is a website where you can add information about you, your experiences, your skills, demo or link of your past projects, testimonials, etc. It will help you showcase your skills, increase your credibility and visibility in the industry. You can host your portfolio so that the hiring managers and your potential employers can see your past projects and skills in action. Your portfolio can help you create a positive impression on the hiring committee and land a job. SSG is a tool that generates HTML websites using a set of templates and raw data.


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